Archive for ‘URSS / Rússia’

18 Abril, 2012


5 Março, 2012


5 Março, 2012


FONTE Laboratorium

Yulia Gradskova,  “Internationalist Education” and Solidarity with Chile and Latin America in the Late Soviet Period—Between Geopolitics, Protest, and Self-realization? “, Laboratorium., 2011. Vol. 3, no. 3


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20 Fevereiro, 2012


FONTE: Daniel Healey

The Gulag Unbound: Remembering Soviet forced labour

The history of the Gulag is conventionally understood as a story of enormous injustice and heroic endurance. This story is “bound” to the compelling narrative of suffering of the intellectual in the Gulag, exemplified by the classic accounts of its highly literate survivors or mourners of its victims. Until recently, these narratives had been the principal prisms through which we saw Soviet forced labour. The narrative of intellectual martyrdom was powerful, and its great moral prestige fuelled opposition to the Soviet system. Since the 1990s, the state archives of the Gulag have gradually been made available to scholars and this flood of documents must be weighed against the memoirs of survivors. The enormous paper trail generated by the security apparatus and its massive penal bureaucracy now challenges historians to consider the Gulag through the eyes of the perpetrators, those who imagined, built, and maintained the forced labour camps. How can we evaluate the factual validity, bureaucratic rivalries, and ideological aims that underpin these documents? How far can we trust the archival documents of the managers of the Gulag? With the issue of trust coming to the forefront of empirical research, moral and philosophical problems of interpretative judgement become more pertinent than ever.

The new bodies of source material compel us to reassess traditional narratives of Stalinist violence, and we are confronted with almost unbearable choices. How far should historians attempt to “reconcile” the diverging picture of the Gulag found in survivor memoirs and in official documents? How do we evaluate the economic consequences of Gulag activity? What moral and philosophical problems arise when we compare Soviet camps to those organized by the Nazi regime or Communist China? What is the place for the experience and testimony of Gulag employees and criminal prisoners? How far does the new material available to us challenge commemorative practices? What do the politics of memory in Russia and other post-Soviet states teach us about the history of the Gulag, and history as a discipline? Is there anything to learn from comparison with other penal-colonial systems such as transportation to Australia? Is the paradigm of internal colonization and the broader context of postcolonial studies productive for understanding and remembering the Gulag?

Means of resistance, sabotage, and subversion in the Gulag and other Soviet “corrective institutions” need more research. While colonial anthropology has developed sophisticated means of identifying “weapons of the weak,” Gulag historiography is only beginning to apply such analysis to the archived documentation of the camps. Like any long-term system of life management, the Gulag developed its ways of healing, entertaining, and educating its population. Inmates responded to their particular condition by developing equally specific means of artistic creativity, religious ritual, and erotic behaviour. These aesthetic, medical, religious, and pedagogical aspects of life in the Gulag need to be discussed in conjunction – or counterpoint – with its archival history. The purpose of this symposium is to reflect on the challenges currently confronting history, cultural studies, anthropology, and other disciplines that work with these unbound – documentary, memoiristic, and folklore – archives of the Gulag.

We invite papers examining these themes to be presented at a workshop to be held at Cambridge University, 29-30 June 2012. The workshop is organized by Alexander Etkind of Cambridge University and Dan Healey of Reading University, with support from both institutions and the Memory at War Project, which is financed by the HERA Foundation. Our confirmed keynote speaker is Professor Lynne Viola, University of Toronto, author of The Unknown Gulag: The Lost World of Stalin’s Special Settlements (Oxford & New York: OUP, 2009). Limited financial assistance for participants may be available. Papers should be original unpublished work, and will be pre-circulated to workshop participants. To propose a paper, please send a 300-word abstract and a 2-page CV to Ms Jill Gather, Memory at War Project,, by Friday, 24 February 2012.

Dan Healey

Professor of Modern History

Department of History

Reading University


Reading RG6 6AA

United Kingdom<

17 Fevereiro, 2012

EXPOSIÇÃO SOBRE O FIM DA URSS (Paris, até 4 de março de 2012)

FONTE: URSS, fin de parti(e). Les années Perestroïka

URSS : fin de parti(e). Les années Perestroïka est l’évènement central parmi l’ensemble des manifestations organisées sur le thème de l’anniversaire de la chute de l’URSS.

200 documents sont exposés : affiches, photographies, vidéos, journaux soviétiques, presse informelle. Présentés dans une scénographie originale, ils donnent à voir quelques-uns des aspects les plus marquants de la période :

–        mise en regard des informations officielles et de la documentation informelle,
–        transformations dans la scénographie du pouvoir,
–        ouverture de l’espace public,
–        prise de parole par les citoyens,
–        et critique du pouvoir politique.

14 Fevereiro, 2012


FONTE: European University at St Petersburg

CFP: Constructing the “Soviet”? Political Consciousness, Everyday Practices, New Identities – St. Petersburg

——————————————European University at St Petersburg
20.04.2012-21.04.2012, St. Petersburg, European University, St Petersburg, Russian Federation
Deadline: 01.03.2012

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union a generation of historians has grown up for whom the USSR is not so much personal memory but rather an object of study. Our annual conference provides an opportunity for undergraduate and graduate students to present their research on various aspects concerning the phenomenon of the “Soviet” alongside with comments by well-known academics: anthropologists, historians and sociologists. Previous conferences were supported by the French-Russian Center for the Humanities and Social Sciences and by the German Historical Institute in Moscow (DHI). Ten best papers of 2011 were published by DHI as a book.

At the conference in April 2012 we would like to discuss the following

– The development of the Soviet science and technology. Academic
science: control and freedom of thought. Cult of invention and innovation. Scientific and technological cooperation and competition with foreign countries: joint projects, exchange of experts.
– Conquest of space and time. The appropriation of space as a political
project: great construction projects, cultivation of virgin land, conquest of the outer space. Mapping the “Soviet”: real and imaginary boundaries, resources and communication. Reorganization of the calendar:
Soviet holidays and festivities.
– Soviet material values. Asceticism and luxury, egalitarianism and
elitism: struggle of opposites or peaceful coexistence? Standards of “good life” and their evolution.
– Educating the “new man”: education, everyday life, leisure. Lifeworld of the Soviet activist and exemplary citizen. Pre-revolutionary practices in the Soviet life.
– Mechanisms of administration. Vertical and horizontal communication of power, personnel and nomenclature policies, career ladder.
“Soviet-style” decision making.
– Glasnost’ and silence in the USSR. The boundaries of free speech:
censorship, “spetskhran”, samizdat. The culture of “Soviet” reading and writing.

We invite undergraduate and Ph.D students specializing in the humanities and social sciences to send us their short papers to participate in the conference. No remote participation is possible. The conference language is Russian.

A collected volume containing the papers will be published by the beginning of the conference. The electronic version of last year’s collection is available at <>

Requirements for the papers: no more than 15 000 characters (including spaces, footnotes and bibliography); MS Word (versions 1997 to 2003), automatic footnotes. Please also include your contact information, university, department and year of education.
Deadline for submission of abstracts: March 1, 2012 at:

The European University at St.Petersburg can pay for transportation within Russia (railway tickets) and accommodation only for a part of the conference participants.

Organisational Committee “Constructing the ‘Soviet’ 2012”

European University at St Petersburg
ul. Gagarinskaia, 3, Sankt-Peterburg 191187, Russian Federation